Exhibit Hall | Forum 2
Purpose: To develop a novel deep-learning model that integrates radiomics analysis in a multi-dimensional feature fusion workflow for glioblastoma (GBM) post-resection survival prediction.
Methods: A cohort of 235 GBM patients with complete surgical resection was divided into short-term/long-term survival groups with 1-yr survival time threshold. Each patient received a pre-surgery multi-parametric MRI exam, and three tumor subregions were segmented by neuroradiologists. The developed model comprises three data source branches: in the 1st radiomics branch, 456 radiomics features (RF) were from each patient; in the 2nd deep learning branch, an encoding neural network architecture was trained for survival group prediction using each single MR modality, and high-dimensional parameters of the last two network layers were extracted as deep features (DF). The extracted radiomics features and deep features were processed by a feature selection procedure to reduce dimension size of each feature space. In the 3rd branch, non-image-based patient-specific clinical features (PSCF) were collected. Finally, data sources from all three branches were fused as an integrated input for a supporting vector machine (SVM) execution for survival group prediction. Different strategies of model design, including 1) 2D/3D-based image analysis, and 2) different data source combinations in SVM input design, were investigated in comparison studies.
Results: The model achieved 0.638 prediction accuracy when using PSCF only, which was higher than the results using RF or DF only in both 2D and 3D analysis. The joint use of RF/PSCF improved accuracy results to 0.681 in 3D analysis. The most accurate models in 2D/3D analysis reached the highest accuracy 0.745 with different combinations of RF/DF/ PSCF, and the corresponding ROC AUC results were 0.69(2D) and 0.71(3D), respectively.
Conclusion: The integration of radiomics features, deep features, and patient-specific clinical features in the designed model improve post-surgery GBM survival prediction, with great potential for clinical applications.
Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: This work is partially supported by institutional P30 Cancer Center Support Grant (Grant ID: NIH CA014236)
IM/TH- Image Analysis (Single Modality or Multi-Modality): Computer-aided decision support systems (detection, diagnosis, risk prediction, staging, treatment response assessment/monitoring, prognosis prediction)