Exhibit Hall | Forum 5
Purpose: Hybrid iterative reconstruction (HIR) is the most commonly used algorithm for four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) reconstruction due to its high speed. However, the image quality is worse than that of model-based iterative reconstruction (MIR). Different reconstruction methods affect the stability of radiomics features. Herein, we developed a deep learning method to improve the quality and radiomics reproducibility of the high-speed reconstruction.
Methods: The 4DCT images of 70 patients were reconstructed using both the HIR and MIR algorithms. They were randomly grouped into a training set (50 patients), a validation set (10 patients), and a test set (10 patients). A cycle-consistent adversarial network was adopted to learn the mapping from HIR to MIR, and then generate synthetic MIR (sMIR) images from HIR. The performance was evaluated using the testing set.
Results: The total reconstruction times for the HIR, MIR, and proposed sMIR images were approximately 2.5, 15, and 3.1 mins, respectively. The quality of sMIR images was close to that of MIR and was superior to that of HIR images, with noise reduced by 45%–77% and contrast-to-noise ratio improved by 91%–296%. The concordance correlation coefficients (CCC) of radiomic features improved from 0.89 ± 0.15 for HIR to 0.97 ± 0.07 for the proposed sMIR. The percentage of reproducible features (CCC ≥ 0.85) increased from 76.08% for HIR to 95.86% for sMIR, with an improvement of 19.78%.
Conclusion: Compared to existing HIR algorithm, the proposed method improves the image quality and radiomics reproducibility of 4DCT images under high-speed reconstruction. It is computationally efficient and has potential to be integrated into any CT system.
Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: Funding Source This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (12175312, 11975313, 12005302), Beijing Nova Program (Z201100006820058), and the CAMS Innovation Fund for Medical Sciences (2020-I2M-C&T-B-073, 2021-I2M-C&T-A-016).
Radiation Therapy, Image Analysis, CT