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Session: Therapy General ePoster Viewing [Return to Session]

3D Printed ABS Breast Phantom for GammaPod

S Becker1*, K Stump2, W Culberson3, Y Poirier1, H Zhang1, M Guerrero1, B Yi1, E Nichols1, (1) University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, (2) GenesisCare, Santa Maria, CA, (3) University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI,


PO-GePV-T-380 (Sunday, 7/10/2022)   [Eastern Time (GMT-4)]

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Purpose: Dosimetry with the GammaPod® breast radiosurgery device (Xcision Medical Systems, Inc, Columbia, MD) uses Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) material for reference dosimetry while using a water equivalent media with breast tissue density (~0.94 g/cm3) for clinical dosimetry. Direct measurements with the breast tissue equivalent material is desirable to reduce the error from converting the dose from a material to another. In this study we designed a 3D-printed breast-equivalent phantom and tested its dosimetry characteristics.

Methods: Based on previous publications, Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) 3D printed phantoms with a 90% infill creates a material with a radiological effective density of 0.94 g/cm3. We a designed a phantom printed with ABS to fit within a typical stereotactic breast cups used for patient immobilization. A replaceable insert allows the placement of an A1SL ionization chamber in multiple positions within the phantom. In addition, a square block of material with the same infill was created to test the density of the material. GammaPod end-to-end tests were performed with the breast phantom by placing the phantom in the cup immobilization system and performing CT simulation and treatment planning as per a clinical patient. These plans were then delivered and the calculated doses compared to the radiation absorbed doses measured following the IAEA TRS 483 dosimetry protocol.

Results: The TPS doses agreed with the measured doses within 1%. These results have on the order of a 2-3% uncertainly due to the inherent uncertainties of the dosimetry protocol and the uncertainties of the 3D printing method in achieving the desired density.

Conclusion: This work has resulted in the creation of 3D printed breast density phantom that is capable verifying the TPS calculated dose of the GammaPod and serving as an end-to-end tool with the potential to greatly simplify the commissioning process.


Absolute Dosimetry, Breast, Phantoms


TH- Radiation Dose Measurement Devices: Phantoms for dosimetric measurement

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